Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes, scientifically known as Diabetes Mellitus (DM), is a metabolic disease that occurred due to the high sugar level and affects glucose usage in the body. Glucose is an essential source to your body as it helps to provide energy in building muscles and tissues.

Moreover, it is also a primary source of brain fuel. Excessive sugar intake leads to diabetes and other major health issues. However, there are two chronic types of diabetes, “Type 1″ and Type 2”. Moreover, gestational and prediabetes conditions are highly reversible in diabetic conditions. Fortunately, you can visit the best hospital in Bangalore to diagnose any potential risk of getting diabetes.

Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Types of Diabetes

There are three primary types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

When the body’s immune system harms the cells present in the pancreas (a part where insulin forms), this results in Type 1 diabetes. However, there is no explanation regarding what might be the cause of this attack.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes is a prolonged medical condition. In this condition, your body does not use insulin properly, which results in an unusual flow in blood sugar level.

Gestational Diabetes

It occurs due to high blood sugar during pregnancy. The placenta hormones produced by the placenta gets blocked by the insulin, which causes Gestational Diabetes.

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a chronic condition that occurs due to the high sugar level. But still, not that much high, and can be diagnosed just like type 2 diabetes.

According to a recent survey, around 88 million American adults (1 out of 3) suffer from prediabetes. However, it is shocking that 84% of prediabetes sufferers don’t know that they have it. If prediabetes is left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems like heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Causes of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Doctors are still looking for the real cause of type 1 diabetes, but it’s still unclear. However, it occurs due to the pancreas’ immune system’s attack, which destroys cells produced by insulin in the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes occurs due to lifestyle and genetic factors. Obese are more likely to get affected with type-2 diabetes because the belly fat makes the cells further resistant to the insulin effects in your blood sugar.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes takes place due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Due to placenta formed hormones, the pregnant woman’s cells become less sensitive to the insulin effect, which causes high blood sugar.

Symptoms of diabetes

The general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Frequent Urination
  • Weight loss
  • Increased hunger
  • Blurry vision
  • Unhealed sores
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Increased thirst

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Sudden mood changes
  • Tiredness
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Blurry vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Sores heal slowly
  • Tiredness
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Blurry vision

Treatment of diabetes

There are different medications by which doctors treat diabetes, which includes drugs and injections. The best hospital in Bangalore is the best option to treat diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Insulin is the primary source of treatment for Type 1 diabetes. It helps in replacing those hormones that your body is unable to produce.

  • It takes 30 minutes for short-acting insulin to start reacting, and it lasts for 6-8 hours.
  • It takes 15 minutes for rapid-acting insulin to start reacting, and it lasts for 3-4 hours.
  • It takes 1-2 hours for intermediate-acting insulin to start reacting, and it lasts for 12-18 hours.
  • It takes a few hours (not confirmed) for long-acting insulin to start reacting, and it lasts for 24 hours or even longer.

Type 2 diabetes

  • Diet and exercise help treat type 2 diabetes.
  • Despite your lifestyle, you might need to take medicines to lower your sugar level.

Gestational diabetes

  • Monitoring blood sugar level multiple times during pregnancy.
  • If the sugar level is high, then changing lifestyle can be helpful to bring it down.

Diabetes prevention

Type 1 diabetes is inevitable as a problem in the immune system causes it. Also, type 2 diabetes can occur due to genes and age are not in your control.
However, if you have been diagnosed with Type-2 or prediabetes, then below are the recommended prevention:

  • Eat healthy food, such as vegetables, fruit, and whole grains.
  • Do aerobic exercises, such as cycling or walking.
  • Cut off refined carbohydrates, trans and saturated fats from your diet.
  • If you are overweight, then always try to lose weight.

Conclusion

Type-1 diabetes is one of the types caused by factors that are not in your control. However, type-2 and prediabetes are curable with a better diet and exercise.

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