Anxiety is a natural reaction to any stressful situation. But if a person gets anxious in daily tasks, this may affect his lifestyle. Depression is a mood disorder; it can be defined as a feeling of sadness, and loneliness. Women are more likely to get this disorder than men.
These disorders can be treated with the help of psychotherapies. Psychotherapy is a medical term which describes the process of treating mental disorders with verbal and psychological methods.
Here are some common types of psychotherapies which are helpful for treating anxiety and depression:
1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT is a concept that your physical sensations, thoughts, and feelings are interconnected.
This therapy helps you to deal with overwhelming problems in a positive way. CBT treatment usually takes 5 to 20 sessions. You will have a session once in ten to fifteen days. Each session of cognitive behavioral therapy lasts for thirty minutes to one hour.
In CBT, your therapist helps to divide your problem into abstracted parts like your feelings, thoughts, and actions. You and your therapist work together for finding solutions which are helpful in treating your anxiety and depression.
2. Psychodynamic therapy
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on resolving problems by increasing awareness of a person’s inner world which influences his relationships. It is a treatment of choice for an individual depending on various factors.
It is recommendable to take one or more preliminary consultations with Psychotherapy near bay station before deciding whether psychodynamic therapy is appreciable or not. The relationship between patient and therapist is very crucial. Psychodynamic therapy might be for short duration but long-term treatment involves a considerable commitment for both parties. The therapist should provide a confidential setting which helps to recognize the unconscious patterns of a patient’s inner thoughts.
3. Dialectical Behavior Therapy
It is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy which aims to develop the patient skills to cope with emotions, stress which is quite helpful for improving relationships and dealing with depression and anxiety. DBT helps to manage borderline personality disorder. Dialectics is a concept where the environment is composed of opposites. This therapy helps both the person and therapist to deal from extreme positions. It involves individual and group session to learn mindfulness, tolerating distress, and regulating emotions.
4. Interpersonal Therapy
Interpersonal therapy is short-term psychotherapy which deals with interpersonal issues in adults and adolescents. This therapy takes 12-15 one-hour weekly meeting.
5. Exposure therapy
Exposure therapy is a psychological therapy which helps people to confront their fears. When a person feels anxious toward any situation, he tends to avoid that particular situation. Exposure therapy works to ease the anxiety in that situation. Therapist creates a safe environment where the individuals have to deal with the things and situations they fear and avoid. This therapy is helpful to reduce anxiety and decrease avoidance.
6. Eye movement desensitization resolution
EMDR therapy is used to reduce depression and anxiety reactivity to childhood trauma. This therapy is quite helpful for dealing with PTSD. EMDR is an eight phase’s treatment which lasts for six or more weeks. The disturbance of memory is measured in a 1 to 10 scale. Therapists monitor the effects of EMDR. If the level of disturbance lowers down, it shows that the memory becomes less threatening which helps to reduce anxiety and depression connected to that painful memory.